Post Production provides the tools to teach the concepts, theories and practices that have become the visual language of our current media form. Post-production occurs in the making of motion pictures, television programs, radio programs, videos, audio recordings, photography and digital art. It is the general term for all stages of production occurring after the actual end of shooting and/or recording the completed work. Television stations, major corporations, commercials are among the business.
“It is what happens after the movie shoot is over and the stars have returned to their mansions. Post production used to be handled solely by large companies, specialized boutiques or post production divisions within the major studios themselves. These days, digital video, graphics software and more affordable equipment has brought video post production jobs into the realm of the average person.”
Post-production includes all the following steps:
- Editing the picture / television program
- Editing the soundtrack.
- Writing and recording the soundtrack music.
- Adding visual special effects – mainly computer-generated imagery (CGI) and digital copy from which release prints will be made (although this may be made obsolete by digital-cinema technologies).
- Transfer of film to Video or Data with a telecine and Color grading.
I am just writing my views on the technical side of the film making, other than technical side there are some more fields, film-production stages include – writing the screenplay, script development, financing, pre-production, production and film distribution/ marketing.
1. Video Editing
Video editing is the process of editing segments of motion video footage, special effects and sound recordings. Motion picture film editing is a predecessor to video editing and, in several ways, video editing simulates motion picture film editing, in theory and the use of non-linear and linear editing systems. Using video or film, a director can communicate non-fictional and fictional events. The goals of editing are to manipulate these events for better or for worse communication. It is a visual art.
Post-production is, in fact, many different processes grouped under one name. These typically include:
Non-linear Video editing software’s:
a) Premiere Pro (Windows, Mac OS X)
a) Final Cut Pro (Mac OS X)
- Arc Soft Showbiz (Windows)
- Avid Technology
a) Ds Nitris (Windows)
b) Media Composer (Windows, Mac OS X)
- Edius (Windows)
- Lightworks (Custom hardware)
- MAGIX Movie Edit Pro (Windows)
- Pinnacle Studio (Windows)
- Roxio VideoWave and MyDVD (Windows)
a) Sony Vegas Movie Studio (Windows)
- Windows Movies Maker (Windows)
Career in Editing
Post production, film editing and visual effects are no longer rare specialties only understood by a select few. There are now more people than ever before who have the tools and knowledge to handle most post production work. There is also an abundance of work available for the growing ranks of editors and producers. Audio and video technology has become one of the hottest careers around. Learning skills in this area will allow you to get a job in the post production area of many disciplines, such as acting music (including singing), dance or even comedy. Other opportunities include animation artist, special effects artist, broadcast graphics designer and video post production artist.
2. Post-production Effects or Visual Effects
Visual effects are now thought of as post production work even though they often start prior to any production of the actual film. Post production companies generally offer facilities, equipment and experts to producers and distributors of feature films, TV shows, commercials, home videos and a wide assortment of other entertainment and informative media.
Other post production effects that are commonly used include closed captioning, film or video transfers, color correction, animation, graphics and motion, sound effects, visual effects, subtitling, video format conversion and film laboratory processing. Because of the diversity of job duties, post production companies prefer digital editors and artists with a variety of skills. They should be able to do a little bit of everything as the situation calls for it. When looking for post production jobs, do not only look at the well-known, bigger companies. You will miss out on a lot of job listings posted by smaller, up-and-coming companies in the area.
Visual effects may be divided into at least four categories:
- Models: miniature sets and models, animatronics.
- Matte paintings and stills: digital or traditional paintings or photographs which serve as background plates for keyed or rot scoped elements.
- Live-action effects: keying actors or models through blue screening and green screening.
- Digital animation: modeling, computer graphics lighting, texturing, rigging, animating, and rendering computer-generated 3D characters, particle effects, digital sets, backgrounds.
Visual Effects Software
- Adobe After Effects
- Apple Motion
- Apple Shake
- Autodesk Combustion
- Eyeon Fusion
- The Foundry Nuke
Career in Visual Effects
There are a number of ways to begin a career in visual effects, along with a growing market for visual effects jobs. As visual effects software becomes more prevalent, the need for skilled people to operate it is expected to continue to grow. To break into the field, you can take visual effects courses, either at a university or college, or even online. You may even consider attending an animation schools so that you can learn on the latest technology available. The industry is still so new that it does not require extensive credentials or experience to enter, just the actual knowledge of how to get the most impressive visual effects possible.
Some common visual effects jobs include working with miniature sets and models; creating, operating and maintaining animatronics; and painting stills. These paintings are now typically done digitally, along with the traditional way, opening up even more opportunities for those with the right qualifications and skills. Sometimes, all it takes is knowing the right visual effects software package, and you can get an opportunity with a movie studio.
3. Sound design
If you’re interested in the way movie music is combined with sound effects to produce an effective and engaging movie soundtrack that enhances the cinematic experience, a career as a sound designer might be right for you. A person who practices the art of sound design is known as a Sound Designer.
Sound design for motion pictures takes the dialogue and ambient sound captured during filming and refines it into a carefully engineered audio track with a life all its own. The sound designer also incorporates songs, sound effects and the film score into movie soundtracks to help create tone and mood. Sound design is a conceptually creative/technical field. It covers all non-compositional elements of a film, a play, a music performance or recording, computer game Software or any other multimedia project. Steps to Becoming a Sound Designer
The film business can be tricky for newcomers to understand because there’s no one proven way to break into it. However, the essential skills of a sound designer are pretty standard. To prepare yourself for a career in sound design, you should have:
1. A thorough understanding of audio recording and playback equipment.
2. A knack for electronics and sound technologies, including cable patching and mixing boards
3. A high level of comfort in digital environments
4. Good comprehension of the physics of sound
Sound Editing Software
1. Apple Sound Track
2. Sonic Sound Forge
3. Cool Edit Pro
4. Adobe Sound Booth
5. Tapestrea from Princeton